"No act of hate or terror will ever change who we are or the values that make us Americans." President Barack Obama
Unlike Stonewall in 1969, whose patrons generally concealed their identities, PULSE party-goers were generally proud of their identity and not all were gay. Hell, if I were 50 years younger and in Orlando, I'd have checked it out. President Obama put it this way: "[PULSE] was a place of solidarity and empowerment where people came together to raise awareness, speak their mind, and to advocate for their civil rights."
Carmella Saraceno; below, Will Miller & the Jazz Gang; photos by Jerry Davich
Paul V. Dudley, "The Magic Hour" (1950); below, James Pringle Cook, "Willow Crest" diptych (1992)
Joshua Jebb, "Two Ottawa Chiefs from Michilimackinac" (c. 1813-1820)Michael A. McDonnell's "Masters of Empire: Great Lakes Indians and the Making of America" focuses on the Odawa (Ottawa) Indians, whose most important homeland was near the straits of Michilimackinac and who for at least 200 years flourished by forging alliances through marital ties with such other Anishinaabeg tribes as the Chippewa (Ojibwe) and the Potawatomi and even Huron, Lakota, and Iroquois bands - plus Frenchmen, including Joseph Bailly, the first permanent resident of Northwest Indiana.. Referring to their extensive trade with the French, McDonnell asserts that it was on their terms, and New France existed on their sufferance. Los Angeles Times reviewer David Treuer wrote: "By keeping the balance of power between the French and the British, and later the British and the Americans, the Indians themselves functioned as a kind of swing vote. A little pressure here, a little room there, and they swung the course of history in major ways, including but not limited to the Seven Years War, the French and Indian War, and the Revolutionary War."
sand hill crane family near IUN; photo by Kathy HallAccording to IUN biologist Spencer Cortwright, thousands of sand hill cranes once migrated through Northwest Indiana, but with the destruction of most marshlands few, if any, stayed to breed. Recently, a few pairs are at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, and one pair is raising its offspring close to IUN's main parking lot. Cortwright explained:
Ever since the levee was built in the late 1990's, the site has not been physically altered. Prior to the levee there were football fields in there and even golf was tried, neither of which produced stable habitat (but were flooded a lot). In addition, our restoration efforts have doggedly removed nonnative weeds from the wetland areas, which provide an opening in the marsh vegetation that the cranes seem to enjoy. This nonnative weed removal is ongoing, but clearly presented a view to this pair of flying cranes that IU Northwest is nature friendly and a good place to raise a family!
I'm getting comfortable driving my new Corolla. Strangely, however, when the engine's off, a lock icon flashes constantly, whether or not the car is locked. Worried that this unnecessary nuisance (perhaps intended to thwart thefts) drained the battery, I asked a Toyota serviceman if the device could be put on a different setting. Nope, he replied, adding that icons in every car in the lot were flashing.